Dengue Fever—Its Causes, Symptoms & How To Prevent It

Karishma Govil , 01 Nov 2018
Dengue Mosquito (Image Courtesy: Shutterstock)
Dengue Mosquito (Image Courtesy: Shutterstock)

Dengue has taken over the country. So many people are a victim of this horrifying disease. While there is no actual treatment of dengue, there are ways to prevent it and recognise it in time. Dengue has two forms—the dengue fever and the dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF). Here are its symptoms, causes and how you can prevent it.

What causes it?

Dengue is caused by the bite of an Aedes mosquito which is infected by the virus. While the DHF is caused by the same virus, the effect is far worse than dengue fever. It causes increased vascular permeability, hypovolaemia and abnormal blood clotting.

Woman With Fever (Image Courtesy: Shutterstock)
Woman With Fever (Image Courtesy: Shutterstock)

What are the symptoms of dengue fever?

1. Pain behind the eyes, especially with the eye movement.
2. Sudden high fever (around 105° F)
3. A severe headache
4. Vomiting or nausea
5. Body pain
6. Mild bleeding from the nose or gums.
7. Possible rashes all over the body

Injection (Image Courtesy: Shutterstock)
Injection (Image Courtesy: Shutterstock)

How to prevent it?

There are multiple vaccinations that are now available for people from the age of 9 up to 45. One of them is Dengvaxia that is ideal for people living around mosquito-prone areas. Also, staying away from areas where these mosquitoes lay eggs is key. These mosquitoes usually bite during the day, so make sure to stay indoors at that time.

Now that you’re aware of this dangerous virus, we suggest you take all the possible precautions for you and your family. And if you spot the symptoms early on, it will be easier for you nurse the fever.

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